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I had an interesting conversation (well, set of emails) with a reader today who had an interesting problem. Given an input string, he needed to remove some special characters and change spaces to underscores. He knew he could do it with a few Replace calls but wasn't sure if he could do it in one quick function call. I recommend replaceList. Let's look at an example of this and then I'll demonstrate what I found with null replacements.
First, let's take an initial string:
<cfset string = "This is $stuff with % things I don't like it.">
And then let's replace the special characters and spaces:
<!--- replace $ with nothing, % with nothing, and spaces with _ ---> <cfset clean = replace(string, "$", "", "all")> <cfset clean = replace(clean, "%", "", "all")> <cfset clean = replace(clean, " ", "_", "all")>
This returns: This_is_stuff_with__things_I_don't_like_it. That's perfect - but can we make the code a bit tighter? A reReplace would let me combine the first two calls into one - but let's look at how replaceList can do all three at once. replaceList is simple. Given an input string, take any found instance of the Nth item of a list with the Nth item of a second list. So for example: replaceList(string, "a,b,c", "1,2,3"). This implies that any "a" should be changed to a 1, any "b" with a 2, and any "c" with a 3.
So given that, let's try to combine our three replace calls with one list. The question is - how do you handle replacing $ and % with nothing? I tried using empty list elements like so:
<cfset clean = replaceList(string, "$,%, ", ",,_")>
But it produced: Thisis_stuffwiththingsIdon'tlikeit. Not exactly what I expected. It looks like it replaced all spaces and the % with nothing. The one $ character was replaced with an underscore. I'm guessing the logic was to ignore the empty list values in the second list and basically act as if I had done: replaceList(string, "$,%, ", "_"). Apparently replaceList automatically says, "if you ask me to replace items in list 1 and it's bigger than list 2, I'll treat the rest as being replaced with nothing."
So given that - if we change things up a bit, we should be ok:
<cfset clean = replaceList(string, " ,$,%", "_")>
Basically the idea is - start off with the things you want to have true replacements for - spaces and underscores. Then list the things you just want nuked after. This gives us: This_is_stuff_with__things_I_don't_like_it.
The last tip I had for the user - and I'd suggest this any time - was to turn the code above into a UDF. Yeah it's pretty darn short, but the logic is something you'll probably do in more than one place. Wrapping it into a quick UDF gives you an easy way to ensure you can change the logic later on.